Class 36  Friday, 12/14/2017

Warm-Up: 
  1. Why is the Earth's core so hot?

  2. One of the rocks on the right is basalt.  The other is granite.  Which is which?

  3. Guess which rock is more dense.

Today:   

  • Quiz
  • Fill out this form to tell me if you would prefer to drop your lowest quiz or replace it with your test score.
  • Turn in bonus question from the practice quiz -- if you did it.
  • Begin Plate Tectonics

Homework: 

  • Some time before the end of thise quarter, go outside at night and observe all of the following:  1)  Orion  2) Betelgeuse (a red giant), Bellatrix (the "female warrior"), Sirius (the "dog star" -- and the brightest star), and Polaris (the North Star).  Have an adult witness sign a statement saying that you actually observed these stars.  Turn in the statement with your name on it.
Class 35  Wednesday, 12/13/2017

Warm-Up: 


1.  How many time zones are there on the Earth?
2.  Where is the International Date Line? 
3.  What happens at the International Date Line?  What is its purpose?

Today:   

  • Test corrections
  • Fill out this form to tell me if you would prefer to drop your lowest quiz or replace it with your test score.
  • Turn in bonus question from the practice quiz -- if you did it.
  • More quiz review -- how to quiz yourself on the moon questions.
    • Know and understand the answers to Practice quiz -- system of Earth, Moon, and Sun Video Solutions
    • Quiz yourself on the information in #1-7 of this handout.  Be able to correctly label all of the times in different locations on the Earth.  Be able to do this from either a "top" perspective (looking down from Polaris toward the North Pole -- North Pole in the center of the circle representing Earth), or from a "side" perspective (North pole pointing toward the top of your paper; South Pole pointing toward the bottom).  Be able to do this with the sun on either the left or right side of the diagram.
    • Quiz yourself on the information in #21 of this Handout:  System of the Earth, Moon, and Sun Answer Key.  If you are given one bit of information about a mon from that page, you should be able to provide the rest of the information about that moon.  For example, if you are given the name of the moon phase, you should be able to provide all of the following:  appearance, position in a diagram showing the moon's orbit, time of moonrise/moonset, time of high or low tide, tide strength, and an assessment of the possibility of an eclipse.
  • Begin Plate Tectonics

Homework: 

  • Prepare for quiz next class.
  • Some time before the end of thise quarter, go outside at night and observe all of the following:  1)  Orion  2) Betelgeuse (a red giant), Bellatrix (the "female warrior"), Sirius (the "dog star" -- and the brightest star), and Polaris (the North Star).  Have an adult witness sign a statement saying that you actually observed these stars.  Turn in the statement with your name on it.
Class 34  Monday, 12/11/2017

Warm-Up: 


1. The moon rotates.  In which direction does it rotate?  How long does one rotation take?  How can this be proven?

2.  What do you think the small tide diagram is supposed to show?

3.  The bottom diagram shows the Earth, as seen from the moon.  What was the moon phase at the time that the photograph was taken? [There are two possibilities]


Today:   

Homework: 

  • Test correction day will be on Wednesday.   If you are not making corrections, bring something to do silently at that time.
  • Some time before the end of thise quarter, go outside at night and observe all of the following:  1)  Orion  2) Betelgeuse (a red giant), Bellatrix (the "female warrior"), Sirius (the "dog star" -- and the brightest star), and Polaris (the North Star).  Have an adult witness sign a statement saying that you actually observed these stars.  Turn in the statement with your name on it.

 

Class 33  Thursday, 12/7/2017

Warm-Up: 


1.  If you want to see the Big Dipper, where should you look?
2.  In the picture on the right, where is the North Star?
3.  Why can't we see the constellation Orion during the summer?
4.  What's your astrological sign?  When is it visible, according to the diagram on the bottom right?

Today: 

Homework: 

  • A5/6 -- Finish the last page of the notes.
  • Some time before the end of thise quarter, go outside at night and observe all of the following:  1)  Orion  2) Betelgeuse (a red giant), Bellatrix (the "female warrior"), Sirius (the "dog star" -- and the brightest star), and Polaris (the North Star).  Have an adult witness sign a statement saying that you actually observed these stars.  Turn in the statement with your name on it.

Class 32  Tuesday, 12/5/2017

Warm-Up: 

The Sun, Earth, and Moon are continually spaghettifying one another.  We see the effects of this spaghettification in the form of tides.

1.  What causes spaghettification?

2.  Which object exerts greater gravitational force on us, the Moon or the Sun?

3.  Do we see different sides of the moon, or do we always see the same side?

4.  Is the Earth's 24 hour rotational period speeding up or slowing down over time?  Explain. Answer

Today: 

Homework:  none

 

Class 31  Friday, 12/1/2017

Warm-Up: 

In the picture on the right, the opaque sphere blocks sunlight, causing a shadow to be cast on the number line.

 

1.  Which positions on the number line are experiencing a partial eclipse?

2.  Which positions are experiencing a total eclipse?

3.  What is today's moon phase?

Today: 

 

Homework: 

  • Study for the test next class.  See class 30, below, for a description of the test format.  Study the extended response questions and your old astronomy quizzes.   For each quiz question, know why the answer is what it is.  This is especially important for multiple choice questions.  They may be altered so that the underlying concept is the same, but the answer is different.  Understand the underlying concept(s).
Class 30  Wednesday, 11/29/2017

Warm-Up: 

1. Whose flag is this?  From an ESS perspective, what is wrong with it?

2.  If you could jump through a hole in the Earth, where would you come out? (antipodes map)  What time would it be in that location?

Today: 

Homework: 

  • Study for the test (next Tuesday).  See the description of the test format, above.  Study the extended response questions and your old astronomy quizzes.   For each quiz question, know why the answer is what it is.  This is especially important for multiple choice questions.  They may be altered so that the underlying concept is the same, but the answer is different.  Understand the underlying concept(s).
Class 29  Monday, 11/27/2017

Warm-Up: 

Why do clocks go clockwise?

Today: 

Homework: 

  • Complete:  Extended response questions
  • Study your old astronomy quizzes.   For each quiz question, know why the answer is what it is.  Understand the context.
Class 28  Thursday, 11/15/2017

Warm-Up: 

  1. What are the lines in the sky?
  2. How was the picture created?
  3. Why are the lines arranged in a circular pattern?
  4. Where was this picture taken?  Or, at least, where was it not taken?
  5. If this picture was taken in the Northern Hemisphere, in which direction did the circles form? (clockwise or counter-clockwise) 
  6. Which stars are moving faster, the inner ones or the outer ones?
  7. If there is a star near the center, what is its name?
  8. Why did the photographer have to stop the picture before the stars made a complete circle?

Today: 

  • Quiz
  • Log on to a computer and open Rhino 5 (64 bit) -- NOT safe mode
  • Design Laser-Cut Holiday Gifts -- or Continents for a later project (Continent Project Map Template)

Homework:  None

Class 27  Tuesday, 11/13/2017

Warm-Up: 

These spectra on the right were produced by three different stars.  One star was stationary, and the other two were moving.

1.  Which star was moving away?

2.  Which star was moving closer?

3.  Are these emission spectra or absorption spectra?

4.  How many axes of symmetry does a snowflake have?  Why does it have this symmetry?

Today: 

Homework:  Study for quiz next class over Notes:  Stars and The Universe, Part 2 Answer Key

Class 26 Friday, 11/10/2017

Warm-Up: 

If you're standing next to a race track, what do you hear as the cars pass you?

a.  Their pitch changes from high to low.

b.  Their pitch changes from low to high.

c.  There is no change in pitch; only volume changes.

Today: 

Homework:  Study for quiz next class over Notes:  Stars and The Universe, Part 1 Answer Key

Class 25 Wednesday, 11/8/2017

Warm-Up: 

1.  What will happen if I hold a tennis ball on top of a basketball and drop them to the floor together?

2.  What if I reverse their positions?

3.  Why does this happen?

 

Today: 

Homework:  Finish the Practice Quiz

Class 24  Monday, 11/6/2017

Warm-Up: 

What would happen if you were floating in outer space with no suit or spacecraft? Describe the effects of...

 

3. Radiation definition dangers   cosmic rays (cr wikipedia)  what are cosmic rays? apollo astronauts article sound

4. Solar wind  wikipedia solar storms

ndt

Today: 

Homework:  Review the notes.  No quiz next class.

Class 23  Thursday, 11/2/2017

Warm-Up: 

What would happen if you were floating in outer space with no suit or spacecraft? Describe the effects of...

1. Air pressure (or lack thereof)

2. Temperature how cold is space?

 

Tomorrow we can consider...

3. Radiation  cosmic rays  what are cosmic rays? apollo astronauts article

4. Solar wind  solar storms

ndt

Today: 

Homework: 

  • None
Class 22  Tuesday, 10/31/2017

Today: 

Homework: 

Image result for scale diagram terrestrial and jovian planetsClass 21  Friday, 10/27/2017

Warm-Up: 

Why are the outer planets much larger than the inner planets?

Today: 

Image result for solar system frost lineHomework: 

Class 20  Wednesday, 10/25/2017

Warm-Up: 

In our Sun, hydrogen atoms are fused (squeezed together) to create helium atoms.

 

1.  What appears to be wrong with the nuclear fusion equation on the top right?

 

2.  What is actually missing from the equation?

 

3.  E = mc2 is a famous equation.  What do each of the letters in the equation represent?

Today: 

Homework: 

  • Short quiz next class over "Birth of the Earth video" questions.  Here are the questions and the answers. - Video Answers
Class 19  Monday, 10/23/2017

Warm-Up: 


None

Today: 

Homework: 

  • Soon you will have a quiz over the formation of the Earth and today's video questions.  Study the video questions.
  • If you plan to do test corrections next class, study for that, too.

 

Class 18  Tuesday, 10/17/2017

Warm-Up: 


Where are we in the Universe? 

If you were going to write a letter to someone in the most distant reaches of the universe, how would you write your return address?

scale of universe

laniakea supercluster

planck length

graphic

Today: 

Homework: 

  • Research the topics you missed on the test.  Study and be ready to try to fix your mistakes on next Wednesday.
Class 17  Friday, 10/13/2017

Warm-Up: 


Examine the mercury barometer on the right. 
 
1.  Do you understand how it works? 

2.  If you were given some mercury, a long test tube, and a bowl, could you make one? [Unfortunately, Hg is toxic, so if you find a bunch, please don't actually try this.]

3.  Why is the vacuum at the top important?  What is a vacuum?

4. 
If this barometer were made using water instead of mercury, would the tube need to be longer or shorter?

5.  How could this picture be useful during your test?
 

Today: 

Homework: 

  • Submit your project before Monday
Class 16  Tuesday, 10/10/2017

Warm-Up: 


1.  How does one siphon a fluid?
2.  How/why does siphoning work?
3.  Would siphoning work on the moon?  Why or why not?
4.  How does a toilet work?  Would a toilet work on the moon?  Why or why not?

Today: 

Homework: 

  • Test on Friday.  Study.
Class 15  Friday, 10/6/2017

Warm-Up: 


The picture on the right shows the pipes leading into the urinal in the men's restroom across from the gym.  The picture was taken during our last hot spell.  As you can see in the picture, there was condensation on these pipes.

1.  Why was there condensation?
2.  How recently had the urinal been flushed?
3.  Why does this happen most often during the spring?
4.  Why did it happen (unusually) during our last hot spell?

Today: 

Upcoming Deadlines:  

  • Today (10/3) -- Project work time.  Get practice test.
  • Tuesday (10/10) -- Practice test is due. Turn in projects.
  • Friday (10/13)-- Test over everything so far.  If you have no zeroes in Powerschool at that time, you may drop your lowest quiz grade.

Homework: 

Class 14  Wednesday, 10/4/2017

Warm-Up: 


Note the new rows (circled in red) that have been added to the project data sheet. 
1.  Does the addition of these new rows make the calculation process harder or easier?
2.  How do you find each of the bits of data on the right?

Today: 

Homework/Upcoming Deadlines:  

  • Today (10/3) -- Project work time. 
  • Friday (10/6) -- Project work time.  Practice Test will be handed out. 
  • Tuesday (10/10) -- Practice test and Projects are due.  Review and begin new unit -- waves and astronomy.
  • Friday (10/13)-- Test over everything so far.  If you have no zeroes in Powerschool at that time, you may drop your lowest quiz grade.
Class 13  Monday, 10/2/2017

Warm-Up: 


The picture on the right shows a typical syringe.  We will be using a slightly different syringe to measure balloon volume. 
1.  Describe the steps you should take if the volume of the balloon is bigger than the volume of the syringe.
2.  Explain why.
3.  What does the Snipping Tool do, and what is the easiest way to use it?

Today: 

Homework/Upcoming Deadlines:  

  • Today and Wednesday (10/4) -- Project work time. 
  • Friday (10/6) -- Practice Test will be handed out.  If necessary, finish your project.
  • Tuesday (10/10) -- Practice test and Projects are due.  Review and begin new unit -- waves and astronomy.
  • Friday (10/13)-- Test over everything so far.  If you have no zeroes in Powerschool at that time, you may drop your lowest quiz grade.
Class 12  Thursday, 9/28/2017

Warm-Up: 
Last night, a cold front moved through our area.  The map on the right shows where the cold front was situated this morning.

1.  What happens when cold air pushes into warmer air?  Which body of air rises?
2.  What happens to the pressure and volume of the rising air?
3.  How does the change in pressure and volume affect the temperature of the air?
4.  If there is water in the air, will this temperature change cause water in the air to evaporate or condense?
5.  Does this cause clouds to form or to disappear?

Today: 

Homework:  

Class 11  Tuesday, 9/26/2017

Warm-Up: 

The hot air balloon on the right is tugging against a string that is attached to a 100g weight.  The weight is sitting on a balance, and the balance reads 90g.

1.  Is the balloon neutrally buoyant?

2.  Why doesn't the balance read 100g?

3.  If the string were untied from the 100g weight, the balloon would fly away.  How much mass would need to be added to the balloon to make it neutrally buoyant?

Today: 

  • A7/8 -- Check in with people who did quiz corrections.
  • Check/discuss homework that was due last class. Hot air balloon practice solutions
  • Continue work in the computer lab.  I think we were around step 2d or 2e, below.
  • Design a hot air balloon and predict whether it will float or sink.
    1. Make a copy of this spreadsheet
    2. Design, resize, and measure your hot air balloon using Rhino -- following Mr. Stapleton's directions.
      1. Draw your plastic sheet (175cm x 250cm)
      2. Create your balloon
      3. Unroll your balloon.  If, for some reason, you do not have a usable 3-D design, you can download the one at this link and then begin at step 2d.
      4. Arrange your balloon parts into a net.
      5. Scale your balloon and net to be as large as possible while still fitting on the plastic sheet.
      6. Measure your balloon's surface area and volume.
      7. Use the spreadsheet to find out if your balloon will sink of float.
    3. Print your balloon design. 
    4. Return to the classroom and construct a paper scale model of your balloon.
  • Show me your grades in PowerSchool, if you haven't already.

Homework:  

  • None
Class 10  Friday, 9/22/2017

Warm-Up: 

The diagram on the right shows a rock that is tied to a small, white, air-filled balloon.  Explain why the whole thing sinks near the bottom but floats near the surface.

Today: 

  • Return quizzes.
  • Go to the library computer lab.  Log in. 
  • Check/discuss homework. Hot air balloon practice solutions
  • Show me your grades in PowerSchool, if you haven't already.
  • Air density calculator
  • Design a hot air balloon and predict whether it will float or sink.
    • Make a copy of this spreadsheet
    • Design, resize, and measure your hot air balloon using Rhino -- following Mr. Stapleton's directions.
      • Draw your plastic sheet (175cm x 250cm)
      • Create your balloon
      • Unroll your balloon
      • Arrange your balloon parts into a net.
      • Scale your balloon and net to be as large as possible while still fitting on the plastic sheet.
      • Measure your balloon's surface area and volume.
      • Use the spreadsheet to find out if your balloon will sink of float.
    • Print your balloon design.  Later on, use this to make a paper scale model of your balloon.

Homework:  

  • None
Image result for density of atmosphereClass 9  Wednesday, 9/20/2017

Warm-Up: 

1.  On Monday during A5/6, I may have said that the rising blobs in a lava lamp do not have greater buoyancy than the sinking blobs.  If I did, was I correct?

2.  What factors do you think determine the density of air at sea level?  On what type of day should the air at sea level be most dense?

3.  Determine the current density of the air in this room using this calculator and today's weather conditions.

Today: 

Homework:  

Class 8  Monday, 9/18/2017

Warm-Up: 

 1.  Why do the blobs in a lava lamp rise and sink?

2.  Why do they connect together at the bottom, but not at the top?

3.  What is the formula for calculating density?  Do you remember the mnemonic?  Do you know what a mnemonic is?

Today: 

  • Check and review homework. Quiz Review Answer Key
  • Show me your grades in PowerSchool, if you haven't already.
  • Make a lowest density box out of copy paper (hollow rectangular prism).  What characteristics give a box low density?  Why?
  • Rhino (CAD) intro
  • Future Activity -- Modeling thermal expansion and convection
  • Air density calculator

Homework:  

  • Quiz on Wednesday. No corrections for future quizzes.
  • Quiz correction (for previous quiz) on Wednesday.
Class 7  Thursday, 9/14/2017

Warm-Up: 

  1. How does a 4 stroke engine work?  Why is it called a 4 stroke?

2.  How is a diesel engine different?

3.  How does a 2 stroke engine work?  What are the advantages and disadvantages of 4 strokes vs 2 strokes?

Today: 

Homework:  

  • Finish the quiz review.
Class 6  Tuesday, 9/12/2017

Warm-Up: 

  1.  Sometimes you can "see your breath."  Why can't you see it right now?  I know of a way to make my breath visible right now.  Can you guess how I can do it?

2.  Once you've seen the trick, can you explain how it works?

3. *What is in air? 

Today: 

  • Warm-up
  • Return quizzes.  Look over your quiz and then return it.  If you want to do corrections, take notes on the questions that you missed. 
  • Grades are in PowerSchool.  Check your grade.
  • Quiz/Test Correction Procedure:
    • Outside of class, figure out why you missed the question, and prepare to explain the correct answer. 
    • Schedule a time to meet with Mr. Stapleton by next Wednesday (Flex on Tuesday, Wednesday, or Thursday -- not Friday -- or some day before school.). 
    • Meet with Mr. Stapleton and correct your wrong answers using a pen.  You may attach extra paper if necessary.  For multiple choice questions, explain why your new choice is correct.
  • A 5/6 -- Finish Notes:  Why Dense Things Sink -- Pressure and Buoyancy  Answer Key
  • Notes:  Pressure and Temperature, Temperature, Pressure, and Composition of The Universe

Homework:  

  • Quiz corrections must be completed by next Wednesday
Image result for tornadoClass 5   Friday, 9/8/2017

Warm-Up: 

1.  An object floating in a glass of water tends to move to the side of the glass and stay there.  Why?  Can you think of a way to make the object stay in the middle without touching it?

2.  Hurricanes Image result for hurricane irma satellite viewand tornadoes are both cyclones.  In the center of a cyclone, is there low air pressure or high air pressure?  How can you tell?

3.  What caused the earthquake in Mexico this morning?

Today: 

Homework:  

  • None
File:Bathyscaphe Trieste.jpgClass 4   Wednesday, 9/6/2017

Warm-Up: 

Until recently, the Bathyscaphe Trieste (shown on the right) was the only manned vessel to have reached the deepest part of the ocean.  Except for the spherical "pressure chamber" on the bottom of the Trieste, most of the vessel was filled with gasoline.  The pointy "hoppers" on the bottom were filled with bits of iron that could be released by the pilots.  The vessel had no motor.  In 2012, James Cameron (moviemaker etc.) dove even deeper in a much smaller submarine, the Deepsea Challenger.

  1. Where is the deepest part of the ocean?
  2. How deep is it?
  3. Geologically speaking, why is that part of the ocean so deep?
  4. What are the dangers of traveling that deep?
  5. Why did the Trieste sink, and once it got to the bottom, what made it float back up?
  6. Why was the main portion of the Trieste filled with gasoline.

Today: 

Handouts:

Homework:  

Class 3   Friday, 9/1/2017
Warm-Up: 
Suppose there is a freshwater iceberg floating in a freshwater lake.  If no water is lost to evaporation, seepage, etc., what will happen to the surface level of the lake when the iceberg melts?  Will it rise, sink, or stay the same.  Why?

Today: 

  • Warm-up
  • Turn-in course expectations (due today)
  • Check homework (Properties of matter practice through 21) and finish it.
  • Finish making film canister submarines.  Write procedures and work on questions (one set of each per group)
  • Test the procedures 

Handouts:

Homework:  

Class 2   Wednesday, 8/30/2017
Warm-Up: 
This bottle on the right contains a "cartesian diver."  The diver dives when the bottle is squeezed, and the diver rises when the bottle is released.

1.  As
the bottle is squeezed, what is happening to the diver's density, volume, and mass?
2.  Why are those properties changing in those ways?

Today: 

  • Warm-up
  • Turn-in course expectations (due friday)
  • Fill out student info sheets
  • Enter attendance
  • Slideshow
  • Course Expectations and class topics
  • Properties of matter practice
  • Begin making film canister submarines

Handouts:

Homework:  


Image result for north pole on globeClass 0  Tuesday 8/29/2017 (20 minute class)
Warm-Up: 

1.  Grab a copy of the course expectations.

2.  Find your seat on the seating chart

3.  Consider this question... which way is the North Pole?  Can you point to it (or pretty close)?

Today: 

Homework:  Share your course expectations handout with your parents.  Have them sign and return it by Next Friday (9/9).